Production > Drawing and Design > Deformation > Zones of Influence

Zones of Influence

To increase the quality of your animation and the accuracy of the Deformation effect, you can modify the zones of influence around the deformation chains. A zone of influence is the area around the deformer within which art will be influenced by the deformation. The deformer has the power to shape all art contained within the influence area on its own element or on its children elements.

Zones of influence are different depending on the deformer type and zone type you selected.

You can find the settings for the zones of influence in the layer properties of the Curve, Bone and Articulation modules as well as in the Rigging tool properties.

When working on a cut-out puppet built on several element layers, the best choice is to keep the default Infinite option as the zone of influence type. In the following examples, the zones of influence are explained through deformation chains on a single bitmap image. The image was previously imported and vectorized with colour.

When you set up the shape of your Elliptic zone of influence, you should be as accurate as possible and make sure that only the element that you want to follow the deformation is included inside the zone.

When you have an Elliptic zone of influence selected in the Network view, you can convert it to a Shaped zone using the Convert Elliptic Zone of Influence to Shape option.

When you set up the boundaries of your Shaped zone of influence, you should be as accurate as possible and make sure that only the elements that you want to follow the deformation are included inside the zone.

To better illustrate the zone of influence Fade Radius and its effect, the bitmap picture will be swapped with a grid pattern.


There is an area called the deformer Fade which surrounds the zone of influence; this is the link between the strict boundaries of the zone of influence and the surrounding region. This area gradually stretches or squashes following the deformation. You can edit the Fade Radius value to modify the size of this area and the exponent of the deformation fade effect.


You can change the default behaviour so the fading effect is inside the zone of influenceinstead of outside. This is explained in this example.

You can also prevent a child’s element from undergoing its parent deformation by connecting it through a kinematic output—see Assembling the Parts.